What causes one to have a pulled back muscle? and how to both prevent and treat it. This article will describe what a pulled back muscle is and how to handle one.
A pulled back muscle, also referred as strained muscle occurs when a group of back muscles are stretched to the extreme. This condition causes consistent episodes of back pains and muscle pains. This regularly occurs from lifting heavy stuff at incorrect position.
The pain can be graded into three categories;
Level one involves a gentle discomfort on the back. This pain does not cause any disabilities or limit one to continue with their daily activities.
Level two is has a more temperate pain and sometimes can involve swelling and bruising. This can cause limit to high performance activities that require much energy.
Level three is the most severe back pain and causes swelling and spasm of the muscles with significant bruises involved.
Causes of pulled back muscle
Here are some causes of pulled back muscles;
- Excess weight on the back when lifting heavy objects
- Unexpected falling down on ones back side
- Accidental deformation of back muscles
- Pressure on the spinal joints
- Incorrect back training
Symptoms of pulled back muscles
Some of the common symptoms of pulled back muscles is experiencing sharp pains on specific parts of the back. Also inflexibility of the muscles and feeling exhausted can be a sign that one is suffering from a pulled back muscle.
The best treatment for pulled back muscle and strain
- Rest: Resting is recommended on the early healing phase, within 2 to 6 days of the injury depending on the severity of the injury. Any rapid movements should be avoided or done cautiously. However, one should note that too much rest is not usually good and can be potentially damaging to the healing as the body needs to exercise in order to heal properly.
- Apply ice: Use of ice helps reduce swelling and ease the pain. Ice use should start as soon as possible after sustaining a muscle pull. Using ice can be done regularly, but should not for more than 20 minutes at a time.
- Back pain medication: Anti-inflammatory medication can assist reduce swelling and ease painful symptom. These medications do have any possible side effects, but it is recommended for one to confirm with your physician before starting use.
Video — powered by ehow
How to prevent pulled back muscle
Avoid Muscle Fatigue
Fatigue on the muscles causes a lot of tissue injury and this can be a root to back pain. Tired muscles are vulnerable to injuries and people who perform rampant exercises especially athletes should be cautious to avoid fatigue when performing their activities.
Warming up before to athletic competition or game helps relax the muscle and avoid muscle injuries that might cause back pain. Instant exercise on stiff muscles leads to higher chances of strain muscles.
Stretching is useful in treatment and prevention of muscle strain injuries. Stronger and more flexible muscles are less likely to be injured.
Related: Middle Back Stretches
The best prevention and can also be a treatment approach of muscle strain. Stretches support the muscles and assist them to relax thus reducing the pain and minimizing any swelling.
With good care for the injured spot, the pulled back muscle eases in a couple of weeks. You should note that the healing continues until at least five weeks following the initial injury.